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African History

The African Kingdoms of The Great Lakes – The First Humans Who Lived In The Nile

The African Kingdoms of The Great Lakes – The First Humans Who Lived In The Nile

The ancient tribes of Africa are so unique and profound that their tales send shivers running down the spines of any African who truly comes across them. One of such tribes is the Buganda and Rwanda people, who were one of the earliest humans on earth. Their story brings the noble nature of Africa to the fore and screams to the high heavens, the egalitarian nature of the Black race.

During the lower imperial era, the kingdoms of the Great Lakes were exquisite and egalitarian kingdoms and were known for their leadership and social structure. Of these kingdoms, we will focus more on Buganda and Rwanda, which were at that time the most popular and significant of the kingdoms of the Great lakes.

Buganda And Its Origin

There are several accounts of the origin of the kingdom, Buganda. One account says that the kingdom originated from a Kinta. According to the myth, he was the first of humans and his existence corresponds with the birth of the modern man in the Great Lakes region.

Another account says he was a warrior from the neighboring areas who had come to conquer the lands, north of the Great Lakes called Nyanza or present-day Victoria. The story says Kinta might have been the first Kabaka (King of Buganda). Another account says that he was Kimera, prince of the neighboring kingdom, Bunyoro.

In all these accounts, one thing is lucid, the Ganda people have always been at the Great Lakes, which is the origin of the Nile, and are the descendants of the first humans. Buganda only grew to become the most significant of the kingdoms in the 13thcentury, dominating Bunyoro and expanding to a point of covering an area twice as large as Belgium.

The Bugandan System of Governance

The Bugandan system of rulership was in accordance with the African matriarchal system. The Kabaka was placed under the protection of his mother, through the siblings. The queen mother, who also had her own palace and went by the title Namasole, was held in high esteem by the people. The Kabakas sisters were also highly regarded.

However, while the king was succeeded by his sister’s son, in Buganda, he was succeeded by his brother. In the Bugandan system, the Kabaka was supported by a prime minister known as the Katikoro and a council of 10 provincial heads and court dignitaries, known as the Lukiko. In the event of his demise, another king was chosen by the Katikoro and the Mugenia (Chief of the biggest clan.)

The economy of the kingdom relied on its rich agriculture. The lands of the great lakes were very fertile lands. Their successful agriculture fed 2 million people. The provincial heads oversaw payments of tax, while officials managed the roads to the capital city. Proof of a boisterous economy is that Kabaka Kyabazu had porcelain wares and glasses in the 17th century. The baGanda were also skilled metalworkers.

Buganda started to experience problems when the English explorer Speke, caused a division in the kingdom. Speke make convinced the Kabaka that he is from Ethiopia and that his people were descendants of King David of Israel. Both the king and Queen-mother were deceived by this lie, and that made the King want to convert to Christianity. It was the same scheme that led to the genocide of 1994 in Rwanda.

Buganda defense system was considered to be bold and elegant. There was a battle that resulted in the visit of explorer Stanley. The King at the time was able to assemble 125,000 men and 230 boats. Canoes of 25 meters in length were designed by baGanda.

Kabaka Mwanga was the last independent king of Buganda. The Kingdom was conquered by the English in 1894 and the king was overthrown. The English gave the new colony which was in the North of Lake Nyanza, the Swahili name Uganda. And though it had been occupied by the English, the kingdom remained strong and revered.

Speke had this to say about Kabaka Mutesa at the end of the 19th century:

He (Mutesa) sat on a red carpet, lying on a platform, he was scrupulously dressed in a suit drawn from the bark of a tree. On the neck, he had a large ring of pearls, meticulously arranged. On each hand and feet, he carried rings alternately of brass and copper. Everything was light, clean and elegant. At his feet the insignia of royalty, a spear, a shield and a white dog.”

Mutesa II would become the first president of independent Uganda in 1939.

The Kingdom Of Rwanda

The people were known as the baNyarwanda, as they called God KiNyarwanda, just as the Egyptians called God Imana. The people traced their origins to Northern Africa through tales from the Tutsi who were considered the ruling class. In addition, it is suggested that they most likely originated from Egypt having that they showed a lot of similarities with Egypt.

The elites wore hair dresses that were similar in design to the military helmet of the Pharaoh. In other words, they were Northern people who mastered the Southern territories of Lake Nyanza.

There was a clear and accepted caste system in the kingdom. The Tutsi people were the ruling class, determined by the number of cows they possessed which was not less than 8, and their role in the country’s defense. On the other hand, the Hutu people were farmers who possessed less than 8 cows.

However, a Hutu could attain the Tutsi class when he met the criteria and vice versa, but the ruling class remained the Tutsi. Both people had the same language, the same God, and were ruled by the same king. The aristocrats were involved in poetry and thinking and the poetic styles of the Rwandan kingdom were created by the queen mother who was called Nyirarumaga.

The baNyarwanda were known for their intense inclination to war, they had really brave wrestlers, and they were also known to respect women. According to Yolande Mukagasana, a war had once been temporarily stopped because a woman soldier was unmasked in battle. Women were seriously discouraged from engaging in those fierce exploits. Rwanda at some point became allies with Burundi, making their ties particularly strong.

The Belgian and German occupants of the land would come up with the idea of Tutsi and Hutu being two different ethnic groups and this, unfortunately, led to the Tutsi having a superiority complex that will eventually lead to the infamous Rwandan genocide. That is what the explorer Speke also tried with Mutesa in Buganda.

Conclusion

All over Africa, we are blessed with the memory and presence of the first men – the first humans. At a time when the other part of the world was in darkness, these regions of Africa were beaming in light, with industry, architecture, education, and all forms of advanced civilization.

But at every turn where you find misfortune for the African people, there was always a presence of Europeans. Europeans were either killing the Africans and stealing their wealth or lying to them about their friends and neighbors to cause war.

But even though the Europeans are still bent on dividing and ruling Africa, history and noble tales such as these are important so that Africans worldwide can understand who they are fully and be proud of their heritage.

This Article Was Culled From Liberty Writers Africa

2 Comments

2 Comments

  1. David Martin

    August 17, 2022 at 8:38 pm

    The information is necessary to pur people.

  2. Andre Williams

    August 20, 2022 at 10:36 am

    I love Black History and I’m proud to be a Descendant

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African History

The Great Queen of Nubia, Amani Rina – Kingdom of Kush

The Great Queen of Nubia, Amani Rina – Kingdom of Kush

The Kingdom of Nubia, centered in Sudan and the Southern Egyptian Nile valley, was indeed the ancient Kingdom of Kush. The Kushite period of rule was established in Nubia after the end of the Late Bronze Age and the breakdown of the New Kingdom of Egypt. Throughout its early stage, the Kush kingdom was based around the city of Napata.

Who was a “Kandaka” and where was the name from?
Many people may ask about the title of Kandaka. The name emerged a long time ago, specifically during the era of the Kingdom of Kush, which ruled Sudan more than four thousand years ago. At that time the queens were referred to as the “Kandaka” which means, “The Great Queen.”

A number of historians say that the word “Kandaka” gave birth to feminine European name “Candice”. History also accounts that the name “Kush Kingdom” which is also known as the Nubian civilization or Ethiopia is mentioned in the Bible in the Old and New Testaments in the story of the guardian of the treasures referring to Kandaka as the Queen of Ethiopia.

The word “Ethiopia” was mentioned in the Old and New Testaments, and it referred to the present land of Sudan, not to present-day Ethiopia.

The First Kandaka

The first person to hold the title of Kandaka in the history of Sudan is the first queen, Kandaka Amani Rinas.

According to historians, Amani Rinas was born in the year 40 BC and died in the year 10 BC. She was the wife of the Meroitic King Tretakas and succeeded him on the throne after his death.

Amani Rinas was the first wife of the king, and she was called the Kandaka according to the usual practice, but the title during her reign took on a new meaning: “The Great Queen”.

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Global Black History

The 3,298 Years Old Mummified Face Of Egyptian Pharaoh Seti I

The 3,298 Years Old Mummified Face Of Egyptian Pharaoh Seti I

Ever since the Europeans and Arabs invaded Kemet/Africa, over a thousand years ago, they have been fascinated and obsessed with the vast knowledge and heritage that the African continent houses.

For centuries, they have dug up the ancient graves of notable Africans from various empires, kingdoms, and cultures, in a bid to understand how Africa got to be so magnificent in civilization, technology, and culture.

The more they searched, the more they found undeniable evidence which points to the fact that Africa’s civilization predated European and Western civilizations. This led many Egyptologists and historians to find ways to discredit the Black/African origin of ancient Egypt (Kemet).

For hundreds of years, they have tried to explain that Egypt was built by aliens, whites, or even giants. But all of these lies meet a water-low when pieces of evidence such as the mummified face of Pharaoh Menmaatre Seti I are put on display.

Archaeologists, Egyptologists, and researchers on ancient Kemet (Egypt) were astonished to see the well-preserved face of Seti I. To date, he is renowned as the most well preserved in all of Ancient Egyptian history, and the world at large.

He died 3,298 years ago and ruled when Egypt was at one of its most affluent peaks – precisely 1290 to 1279 BCE. He was the father of Ramesses II – The greatest pharaoh of all time. When he died, Egyptian Mummification was at its absolute peak of perfection.

Although it is disrespectful to exhume the dead in Africa, the opening of his tomb, by the rebellious researcher Giovanni Battista Belzoni on October 16, 1817, contributed to reducing the arguments which claimed ancient Kemet was white.

Seti I was buried at the Valley of Kings. His tomb is known to be the longest in the ancient cemetery of Noble people of Kemet. His tomb was an astonishing 137 meters (449 ft.). Despite being covered with a yellow garment, tomb raiders desecrated his tomb and dismembered his body, messing up the bandages used in mummification and smashing his abdomen open.

They separated his head from the rest of his body. Fortunately, the raiders did not scar his face. Well, that is what we have been made to know. What is left of his mummified body, is today resting among other Egyptian royal mummies in the Cairo museum.

The Life And Achievements Of Seti I

Seti is known to be the second Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, and many consider him the greatest Pharaoh of the New Kingdom of Kemet.

He was a renowned military man, who followed in the footsteps of his father Ramses I who was married to Queen Sitre. He was very powerful, earning multiple titles, such as troop commander, vizier, and head archer.

He commanded the Egyptian army and went on multiple campaigns and battles, during the reign of his father and subsequently during his own reign.

After his father Ramses I died, he ascended the throne and took the name Menmaatre Seti I, as his official pharaoh name. The name meant “Established is the Justice of Re.”

He would later marry the daughter of one of his military lieutenants, named Tuya. Their marriage produced 4 offspring. Their 3rd child, Ramses II would later become Pharaoh in around 1279 BC.

It is not fully clear how long Seti I ruled Egypt. The various translations and accounts put it between 5 to 55 years.

Menmaatre Seti I was the Pharoah who returned Egypt to its lost glory of the 18th dynasty. He led military campaigns into Syria and Libya and expanded the Egyptian empire. He battled the Hittites and kept them from invading Egypt. His army was the first to battle the Hittites.

Before he became Pharaoh, his father, and others before him, had started the restoration of Egypt, from the damages it incurred during the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten. Egyptians knew Seti I as the “Repeater of Births,” because he focused on bringing the relics of Egypt back to life.

Seti I continued the construction of the great hypostyle hall at Karnak, which was started by his father. The hall at Karnak, to date, remains one of the most impressive monuments of the ancient architecture of Kemet.

He went ahead to also build a memorial temple at Abydos, which he dedicated to Osiris, and six other deities. The original colors of this temple still remain today.

He is often regarded as the most preserved mummy in the world. It really shows.

And let this sink in – HE WAS BLACK – AFRICAN TO THE BONE. Not Caucasian. Not alien. BLACK TO THE BONE.

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African History

Archaeologists Discover Eredo, A 9th Century Yoruba City with Incredible Architecture & History

Archaeologists Discover Eredo A 9th Century Yoruba City With Marvellous Architecture

Just off the highway in this nondescript town, in a dirt path that meanders through the dense vegetation and trees of the heavy Nigerian rainforest lies the relics of what is arguably one of the most impressive monuments in sub-Saharan Africa: an extensive, 100-mile-long wall and moat which was constructed some 1,000 years ago.

Known as Sungbo Eredo, the ancient monument was built around a little-known kingdom of the Yoruba, which is one of the three major ethnic groups in Nigeria, and encircles towns and villages. At this site, the Eredo earthen bank goes up to around 70 feet from the belly of a wide ditch, it crimson vertical wall shining with bits of moss.

Very few Nigerians have ever heard of the name, and much fewer have even dared to pay it a visit. Much of the ancient relic lies in ruins, or enveloped in the thick, almost impenetrable jungle forest, totally left to decay by both locals and the government.

However, over the past couple of years, a combined team of Nigerian and British archaeologists and nature preservationists have managed to succeed in mapping the structure following the pioneering work of an earlier archaeologist raised the interest and curiosity of Patrick Darling, an archaeologist at the Bournemouth University of Britain.

Following carbon mapping of the remains of the rampart, it has been established at it dates back to at least the 10th century and is also suggestive of a highly organized kingdom that existed in the deep rain forest at least for 300 years than earlier thought.

Due to the fact that diverse ethnic groups and peoples have lived in what is considered Nigeria over the centuries, and because very few archaeological works have been carried out in the territory over the years compared to other counties in the region, Nigeria is considered a treasure trove of archaeological discoveries.

”What else lies in the rest of the rainforest in Nigeria?” said Mr. Darling, leader of the mapping team. ”There is so much in Nigeria that’s not known.”

Covering an area of approximately 25 miles from south to north and 22 miles from west to east, the Eredo is located in the northeast of Lagos, Nigeria’s commercial capital. But, just as it is the case with most historical antiquity in Nigeria, the need to preserve and maintain its historical relevance has attracted very little government interest. This is according to Willie Nwokedi, president of Legacy, a private conservation group based in Lagos.

Under the military, which ruled the country for the most part of its post-independence history since 1960, much of the nation’s historical sites were left in ruins and deterioration. For instance, one could see people walking atop the remains of the walls in Nigeria’s ancient city of Kano.

To compound to the antiquity crisis, many of the country’s museums have been looted, and when artifacts are unearthed, they often end up being sold illegally to collectors overs.

In the words of Beatrice Fisher, an official at Legacy, ”When you are a developing country, the primary goal is to survive. Important issues like preservation of history tend to take a back seat in times of turmoil.”’

The conservation group is preparing to release a map listing 129 historical sites, comprising mosques in old Muslim cities of the north, as well as shrines in the southwest, and British consular houses in the southeast. With Nigeria now firmly practicing democracy, it’s easier for tourists to enter the country and visit some of these historical sites.

Local legend has it that Eredo was built by Sungbo, a rich but childless widow who wanted to leave a legacy by erecting the giant monument. The gigantic edifice, which was probably built over 300 years, served much less as a physical fortification than a spiritual one, according to Mr. Darling.

At its foot were shrines where the local inhabitants left offerings and victuals for the goods to protect them from invading outsiders. ”It’s like a double yellow line for not passing,” Mr. Darling said.

Another traditional practice that has survived to this day within the precinct of the monument is where women come to pray at the foot of the structure in the belief that it will help them with having children. Another interpretation of this practice, according to Mr. Darling, is that they actually came to pray for Sungbo to allow their children to survive and not join the nether world.

In a half-hearted attempt to preserve the site, the Nigerian government built a wall around the burial site back in the 70s, but it has since been overrun by thick bushes and vegetation.

History has it that the Eredo has brought together and unified several villages and communities within the kingdom, although when asked, the current local inhabitants seemed largely unaware of the importance, or historical relevance of the monument.

This Article Was Originally Published On Liberty Writers Africa

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